(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Avoidance of waste
1. economy, thriftiness, frugality, thrift, austerity, care, husbandry, housekeeping, ménage, good housewifery, good management or administration, retrenchment, cutback, rollback, belt-tightening; parsimony, cheeseparing, stinginess, scrimping. See order, preservation, accounting, cheapness.
2. savings, reserves; savings account, Christmas Club; IRA, Roth IRA, Keogh plan; investment account. See cheapness.
Verbs — economize, save, scrimp; retrench, tighten one's belt; cut corners, skimp, make [both] ends meet, meet one's expenses, pay one's way; husband, save money, lay by or away, put by, lay aside, store up; hoard, accumulate, amass, salt away; provide for a rainy day; feather one's nest.
Adjectives — economical, frugal, careful, thrifty, saving, chary, sparing, parsimonious, stingy, scrimping; cost-effective, efficient.
Adverbs — sparingly, frugally, thriftily, economically, carefully, parsimoniously.
Phrases — most people consider thrift a fine virtue in ancestors; a penny saved is a penny earned; thrift is a great revenue.
Quotations — Expenditure rises to meet income (C. Northcote Parkinson), Economy is going without something you do want in case you should, some day, want something you probably won't want (Anthony Hope), He is almost always a slave who cannot live on little (Horace), Nothing hurts worse than the loss of money (Livy).
Antonyms, see waste.
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [A system of producing, distributing, and consuming wealth]
Syn. economic system, marketplace, market, gross national product, GNP, standard of living, cost of living, consumer price index, per capita income, financial resources, earnings, prosperity; see also administration 1 , economics .
2. [Thrifty administration]
Syn. thriftiness, thrift, retrenchment, austerity, caution, prudence, regulation of finances, conservation, prudent use of resources, political economy, saving, economizing, stinginess, frugality, husbandry, care, providence, parsimony, restraint, miserliness, scrimping, cheeseparing*.
Ant. carelessness*, lavishness, waste.
3. [An example of economy, sense 2]
Syn. curtailment, retrenchment, cutback, rollback, austerity program, business recession, reduction in spending, deduction, saving, abridgment, layoff, payroll shrinkage, reduction of forces, wage decrease, cut in wages, volume ordering, cost-effectiveness, economies of scale, moratorium, good gas mileage, good fuel consumption, excursion fare, lowered materials cost, lowered contract price; belt-tightening*; see also automation , depression 3 .
Ant. increase*, outlay, raise.
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
1. thrift saving, frugality, conserving, austerity, prudence, skimping, penny-pinching. ''To pitch your scale of living one degree below your means.''—Henry Taylor. ''The art of making the most of life.''— George Benard Shaw.
2. national, state or regional income management finances, production, GNP, gross national product, spending, distribution of wealth.
ANT.: 1. extravagance, wastefulness, spending
ban of import or export product: embargo, sanction
buying for want and status instead of need: conspicuous consumption
collective annual value of all goods, services, etc, of nation: GNP, gross national product
debt owed by federal government: national debt
decline, sharp and prolonged, economic: depression
demand exceeding supply: seller’s market
drop in prices due to a reduction of the money supply: deflation
expansion, economic: boom
exports and imports, difference in worth between: balance of trade
gauge of fluctuating prices of common consumer goods: consumer price index
GNP: gross national product
government incentives to big business resulting in benefit to all: trickle-down theory
group working together to control production and prices, common: cartel
inability to pay one’s debts: insolvency
inflation causing shortages, runaway: hyperinflation
imports exceeding exports, condition of: trade deficit
luxuries, money left over for: discretionary income
manufacturing industry, heavy: smokestack industry
medieval economic system of lords and vassals: feudalism
money to work with: capital
monopolies, laws preventing formation of: antitrust laws
price supports, government: subsidies
reducing taxes to spur production, investment and growth, theory of: supply-side economics
selling goods below cost to drive competition out of business: dumping
services than production of goods, economy based more on: service economy
supplies exceeding demand: buyer’s market
system of collectively-owned or state-owned production facilities controlling distribution, economic: communism
system of privately-owned businesses designed for profit-making, economic: capitalism, free enterprise system
tariffs and regulations used by nation to limit imports: trade barriers
ups and downs of some businesses, expected: business cycle
zero growth and rising unemployment, period of: recession, slump
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun Careful use of material resources: frugality, providence, prudence, thrift, thriftiness. See SAVE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.


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